Tamil Nadu State Judiciary Exam Syllabus: Ultimate Exam Guide


The Tamil Nadu State Judiciary Exam is a crucial step for law graduates aiming to enter the judicial services in Tamil Nadu. It tests candidates on a wide range of legal subjects, from procedural and substantive laws to general knowledge. The exam is structured into a preliminary round, focusing on basic legal concepts and general knowledge, and a main examination that requires a deeper understanding and application of legal principles.

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Preliminary Examination Topics:

Constitutional Law:

This involves the study of the Constitution of India and its provisions, fundamental rights, duties, the structure of the government (both central and state), the judiciary, amendments, and significant case laws.

Indian Penal Code (IPC):

The IPC deals with criminal law in India, defining various offenses and prescribing penalties for them. Topics include theft, murder, fraud, defamation, etc.

Code of Criminal Procedure (CrPC):

This is the procedural law for conducting a criminal trial in India, including filing FIRs, arrest, bail, trial, evidence, sentencing, and appeals.

Code of Civil Procedure (CPC):

The CPC outlines the procedure for civil courts in matters concerning the adjudication of civil disputes. It includes stages of a lawsuit, powers of courts, jurisdiction, appeals, and execution of decrees.

Indian Evidence Act:

It lays down the rules for admissibility, relevancy, and genuineness of evidence in both civil and criminal courts.

Law of Contract:

This involves the study of agreements, enforceability, conditions for a valid contract, breach of contract, and remedies.

Law of Torts:

This is the law of civil wrongs like negligence, defamation, trespass, and nuisance, and the remedies available to the victims of such wrongs.

Law of Property:

This covers the laws governing various forms of property ownership, transfer, lease, mortgage, and succession.

Law of Limitation:

This law prescribes the time within which legal action must be taken to enforce rights. Beyond this period, claims are barred.

Legal Reasoning:

This assesses the candidate’s ability to apply legal principles to factual scenarios, analyze judgments, and solve legal problems.

General Knowledge:

This includes current events, important legal and non-legal developments, history, geography, and general science, with a focus on India.

Main Examination Topics:

The main examination topics are largely similar to those of the preliminary examination, emphasizing a deeper understanding and the ability to analyze and write comprehensively about:

  • Code of Civil Procedure
  • Indian Evidence Act
  • Law of Contracts
  • Law of Torts
  • Law of Property
  • Law of Limitation
  • Code of Criminal Procedure
  • Indian Penal Code
  • Constitutional Law
  • General Knowledge

Exam Pattern

The Tamil Nadu State Judiciary Exam consists of three stages:

Preliminary Examination

The preliminary examination is the first stage of the selection process. It is an objective-type exam that tests the candidate’s knowledge of various legal topics. The exam is conducted offline and consists of multiple-choice questions. The duration of the preliminary exam is three hours.

The preliminary examination is divided into two parts:

Part A:
This section tests the candidate’s knowledge of general laws, such as the Indian Penal Code, Code of Criminal Procedure, Code of Civil Procedure, and the Indian Evidence Act.
Part B:
This section tests the candidate’s knowledge of the Tamil Nadu State Laws, including the Tamil Nadu Land Revenue Code, Tamil Nadu Buildings (Lease and Rent Control) Act, and the Tamil Nadu District Municipalities Act.
Only those candidates who qualify in the preliminary examination are eligible to appear for the main examination.

Main Examination

The main examination is the second stage of the selection process. It is a written examination that assesses the candidate’s understanding of various legal concepts and their ability to apply them in practical situations. The main examination consists of two papers:


This paper tests the candidate’s knowledge of the Code of Civil Procedure, the Indian Evidence Act, and other allied laws.


This paper tests the candidate’s knowledge of the Code of Criminal Procedure, the Indian Penal Code, and other allied laws.

State Judiciary Exam


The syllabus for the Tamil Nadu State Judiciary Exam encompasses comprehensive legal topics essential for judicial service aspirants. It includes Constitutional Law, the Indian Penal Code, procedural laws like the CPC and CrPC, the Indian Evidence Act, and laws concerning contracts, torts, property, and limitation, along with legal reasoning and general knowledge. The preliminary exam tests basic understanding, while the main exam demands analytical skills and practical application of law. Mastery of these topics is pivotal for success in the exam and a career in the judiciary.

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