Jharkhand State Judiciary Exam Syllabus: Ultimate Exam Guide


The Jharkhand State Judiciary Exam is a gateway for law graduates to enter the judicial service in Jharkhand, India. It is structured in two main stages: the Preliminary Examination and the Main Examination. Each stage assesses candidates on a wide range of legal and general knowledge areas, ensuring a comprehensive evaluation of their suitability for judicial responsibilities.

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Preliminary Examination

Constitution of India

Focuses on the fundamental structure of the country’s legal framework, including the Preamble, Fundamental Rights, Directive Principles, Union and State Government structures, Emergency provisions, and Amendments.

Code of Civil Procedure

Covers procedures for the administration of civil proceedings, including jurisdiction of courts, various types of courts, suits in civil courts, appeals, and important orders and rules.

Code of Criminal Procedure

Encompasses the procedure for conducting criminal trials in India, including FIR, arrest, bail, trial process for various crimes, and appeals.

Indian Evidence Act

Details the rules and guidelines for the admissibility of evidence in courts, including oral and documentary evidence, presumptions, and witnesses.

Transfer of Property Act

Covers laws related to the transfer of property between living persons, including sale, mortgage, lease, gift, and actionable claim.

Indian Contract Act

Focuses on the formation, execution, and breach of contracts, including specific contracts like indemnity, guarantee, bailment, and agency.

Hindu Marriage Act

Deals with the legal framework governing Hindu marriages, including conditions for marriage, ceremonies, void and voidable marriages, and divorce.

Indian Penal Code

Covers the comprehensive criminal code of India, detailing offenses and their punishments, including theft, fraud, murder, and sexual offenses.

Negotiable Instruments Act

Focuses on the legal framework governing financial documents that guarantee the payment of money, like cheques, bills of exchange, and promissory notes.

Limitation Act

Covers the laws related to the time frame within which legal action must be taken to enforce rights, including the computation of the period of limitation for various cases.

General Knowledge and Current Affairs

Includes topics of current national and international importance, history, geography, economy, and general science, aiming at testing the candidates’ awareness of the world around them.

Main Examination

  1. English and Hindi Language
    Tests the candidates’ proficiency in these languages through essay writing, translation, and precise writing exercises.
  2. Civil Laws and Procedure
    This includes an in-depth study of civil laws covered in the preliminary exam plus additional topics such as the Law of Torts, which deals with civil wrongs and damages.
  3. Criminal Laws and Procedure
    Further explores the criminal laws and procedures introduced in the preliminary examination, emphasizing procedural and substantive law differences.
  4. General Knowledge and Current Affairs
    Similar to the preliminary exam, but candidates are expected to demonstrate a deeper understanding and analytical ability regarding current events and general knowledge topics.

Exam Pattern

The Jharkhand State Judiciary Exam consists of three stages:

Preliminary Examination

The Preliminary Examination is the first stage of the Jharkhand State Judiciary Exam. It is an objective type examination that tests the candidate’s knowledge of various legal subjects. The exam is divided into two papers:

  • General Knowledge and Current Affairs
  • Law
  • Each paper is of 100 marks, and candidates are given 2 hours to complete each paper. The Preliminary Examination is meant to shortlist candidates for the next stage of the selection process.

Main Examination

The Main Examination is the second stage of the Jharkhand State Judiciary Exam. It is a written examination that assesses the candidate’s understanding of various legal concepts and their ability to apply them in practical scenarios. The Main Examination consists of four papers:

  • Paper I: English and Hindi Language
  • Paper II: Civil Laws and Procedure
  • Paper III: Criminal Laws and Procedure
  • Paper IV: General Knowledge and Current Affairs
  • Each paper is of 100 marks, and candidates are given 3 hours to complete each paper. The Main Examination is a crucial stage of the selection process and requires thorough preparation in order to succeed.

Viva Voce

The Viva Voce is the final stage of the Jharkhand State Judiciary Exam. It is a personal interview conducted by a panel of judges to assess the candidate’s suitability for the position of Civil Judge. The Viva Voce carries a weightage of 100 marks. Candidates are evaluated on their knowledge of law, clarity of thought, communication skills, and overall personality.

State Judiciary Exam


The syllabus for the Jharkhand State Judiciary Exam covers extensive legal subjects, including constitutional law, civil and criminal procedures, property law, contract law, family law, and specific acts like the Indian Penal Code and Evidence Act. Additionally, it tests candidates on general knowledge and current affairs, along with language proficiency in both English and Hindi. This thorough syllabus is designed to assess not only the candidate’s legal expertise but also their analytical abilities and awareness of societal issues, preparing them for the multifaceted role of a judge in the state judiciary system.

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