Bihar State Judiciary Exam Syllabus: Ultimate Exam Guide


Bihar State Judiciary Exam is a comprehensive assessment designed to select qualified candidates for judicial positions within the state. It tests a wide array of skills and knowledge areas, ranging from general awareness and scientific understanding to proficiency in languages and in-depth knowledge of legal procedures and evidence laws. This diversified syllabus ensures that aspirants are well-versed in both theoretical and practical aspects of law and general education.


General Knowledge and Current Affairs

This segment assesses a candidate’s awareness of the world around them, spanning both historical contexts and contemporary events. Key areas include:

  • Current Events: Latest happenings at both national and international levels, including politics, sports, science and technology, and cultural events.
  • History: Important historical events, figures, and periods, with a focus on Indian history and the freedom movement.
  • Geography: Physical and political geography of India, including natural resources, climate, demography, and significant landmarks.
  • General Polity: Indian Constitution, Political System, Panchayati Raj, Public Policy, and Rights Issues.
  1. Elementary General Science
    This portion aims to gauge the candidate’s grasp of fundamental scientific concepts that are relevant to daily life and understanding of the natural world. Areas covered include:
  • Basic Physics: Concepts such as force, energy, motion, and basic laws of physics.
  • Chemistry: Basic chemical reactions, compounds, and elements, focusing on their practical implications.
  • Biology: Fundamental concepts in biology, including human body systems, plant life, and basic principles of genetics and evolution.
  1. General Hindi
    This section evaluates a candidate’s proficiency in Hindi, emphasizing both understanding and expression. Key focus areas include:
  • Grammar: Syntax, morphology, and semantics in Hindi.
  • Vocabulary: Antonyms, synonyms, and meanings of words and phrases.
  • Comprehension: Ability to understand and interpret Hindi passages.
  • Writing Skills: Composition, precis writing, and application writing.
  1. General English
    Similar to the General Hindi section, this part assesses English language proficiency, covering:
  • Grammar: English grammar rules, including tenses, prepositions, conjunctions, and voice.
  • Vocabulary: Understanding and usage of English vocabulary, idioms, and phrases.
  • Comprehension: Reading comprehension skills to infer and analyze English passages.
  • Writing Skills: Essay writing, prĂ©cis writing, and letter writing.
  1. Law of Evidence and Procedure
    This critical section tests the candidate’s knowledge of legal procedures and evidence handling, essential for judiciary roles. It covers:
  • Indian Evidence Act: Principles and provisions related to the admissibility, presentation, and interpretation of evidence in Indian courts.
  • Code of Criminal Procedure: Comprehensive understanding of the procedural law governing the process of criminal trials in India, including FIR, bail, trial, and appeals.
  • Code of Civil Procedure: Knowledge of the procedural rules and guidelines for conducting civil litigation, including jurisdiction, summons, and execution of decrees.

Exam Pattern

Bihar State Judiciary Exam consists of three stages: The Preliminary Exam, The Main Exam, and The Interview.

Preliminary Exam
The Preliminary Exam is the first stage of Bihar State Judiciary Exam. It is an objective type exam that tests the candidates’ knowledge of various subjects including General Knowledge, English Language, and Law. The exam consists of multiple-choice questions and is conducted for a total of 100 marks. The duration of the exam is 2 hours.

Main Exam
The Main Exam is the second stage of Bihar State Judiciary Exam. It is a written exam that tests the candidates’ knowledge of substantive and procedural laws. The exam consists of five papers:

  • General Knowledge and Current Affairs
  • Elementary General Science
  • General Hindi
  • General English
  • Law of Evidence and Procedure


Bihar State Judiciary Exam syllabus is meticulously structured to evaluate candidates across various domains, including General Knowledge and Current Affairs, Elementary General Science, General Hindi, General English, and Law of Evidence and Procedure. This multi-faceted approach ensures candidates are not only proficient in legal theories and practices but also possess a strong foundation in essential general education areas. Aspiring judiciary candidates must therefore prepare extensively across all these sections to secure a position in the highly competitive judicial system of Bihar.

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